Fort Rotterdam or Fort Ujung Pandang

Fort Rotterdam or Fort Ujung Pandang is a fortress kingdom of Gowa-Tallo relic located near the coast west of Makassar, South Sulawesi.
This fort was built in 1545 by King of Gowa to-nine who named I manrigau Daeng Bonto Karaeng Lakiung Tumapa’risi ‘kallonna.Originally made from clay, but in the reign of the 14th King of Gowa Sultan Alauddin, its construction was changed into stone sourced from Rock of Karst Mountains in the area of Maros. Ujung Pandang fortress is shaped like a turtle who want to crawl down to the sea. In terms of its form is very clear philosophy of the Kingdom of Gowa, that turtles can live on land or at sea. So even with the Kingdom of Gowa who triumphed on land and at sea.
The original name of this fort is Fort Ujung Pandang, also Gowa-Makassar people call this fortress as Castle Panyyua which is the headquarters of Gowa Kingdom’s frog army. Kingdom of Gowa-Tallo Bungayya eventually signed the agreement with Dutch, which one of the articles require the kingdom of Gowa to submit this to the Dutch fort. At the time the Dutch occupied the fort, the name was changed to Fort Rotterdam. Cornelis Speelman deliberately chose the name Fort Rotterdam in memory of his homeland in the Netherlands. The fort is then used by the Dutch as a central storage of spices in eastern Indonesia.
Nowadays, the fort is used as Museum La Galigo in which there are many references on the history of the greatness of Makassar (Gowa-Tallo) and other areas in South Sulawesi. Most buildings of this fort is still intact, and became one tourist attraction in Makassar.


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